Dear Patron: The Resources portion of the CSS website is the successor to the International Relations and Security Network (ISN). As in the case of its predecessor, the fundamental purpose of the Resources section is outreach -- i.e., it features the publications and analyses of CSS experts, external partners and like-minded institutions in order to promote further dialogue on important international relations and security-related issues.
This Week's Two Security Watch Series
This week, our first Security Watch (SW) series focuses on the lingering Responsibility to Protect (R2P) issues raised by NATO’s 2011 intervention in Libya; the role of killer robots in future warfare; the relationship between undemocratic Salafism and the terrorist threat in Europe; the ongoing crisis in Burundi; and how to reestablish state authority in peace operations settings. Then, in our second SW series, we look at the hybrid nature of diplomacy in the 21st century; the first 100 days of Uzbekistan’s new president, Shavkat Mirziyoyev; a possible new model for African coercion; how to rebuild trust in European security; and how domestic controversies within the US are impacting its policies toward Europe.
20 Mar 2017 | Security WatchBrooke Smith-Windsor is convinced that NATO’s 2011 military intervention in Libya left a legacy that is “far from rosy.” One of its more obvious disappointments was, and remains, its failure to implement the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) concept on behalf of Libya’s beleaguered people. (To call R2P a norm or doctrine remains controversial.) So, based on the Alliance’s experience, does the R2P idea need revising, both in terms of its foundational principles and permitted actions? Here are Smith-Windsor’s responses.
20 Mar 2017 | Security WatchTraditional state-led diplomacy is in crisis, argues Sascha Lohmann. We still need designated specialists who manage cross-border relations, but since the 1980s they’ve lost the intellectual and practical hegemony they once enjoyed over their domain. Many people now see diplomacy “as an institution of international societies, not of individual states.” Well if that’s true, how do you reconcile these two seemingly incompatible approaches? Lohmann thinks stressing economic statecraft is one option.
20 Mar 2017 | CSS Blog NetworkAccording to Brad Glosserman, Japan does indeed have five possible futures. The one which ultimately prevails will depend on decisions made by the Japanese themselves, although much will also depend on external circumstances and a fair dollop of luck. The country might 1) remain a “world beater”; 2) act as a regional leader; 3) become Swiss – i.e., be in Asia, but not of Asia; 4) de-evolve into a stagnation- and deflation-prone ‘afterthought’; and 5) end up being a dangerous destabilizer.
Feb 2017 | PublicationsIn this report, Fei Su and Lora Saalman review China’s economic engagement with North Korea and how it has influenced Beijing’s attitude toward Pyongyang’s nuclear program. Our authors conclude that 1) China's attitude towards North Korea’s nuclear ambitions did harden after 2013; 2) Beijing currently believes Pyongyang should relinquish the nukes it has, but it doubts that’s possible; and 3) EU-Chinese cooperation on dealing with North Korea should be more systematic.
Our featured partner this week is swisspeace, which is a practically-minded organization that strives to 1) build up local and international peacebuilding capacities, and 2) shape political and academic discourses on peace policy. It accomplishes these ends by performing and publishing research analyses, conducting various types of training, and providing a common space for personal networking, knowledge transfers, and the exchange of experiences.
In today’s video, Milan Svolik investigates how democracies collapse into authoritarian rule. What particularly intrigues him is the method now used to precipitate change. No, it’s not old-fashioned military coups. Instead, democratically elected leaders have learned to stage-manage elections in order to engineer nonviolent ‘democratic reversals’. A prime example of this type of executive takeover, or so Svolik believes, is Venezuela.