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May 2017

  • 11 May 2017
    Colette Rausch, Tina Luu
    United States Institute of Peace (USIP)
    According to Colette Rausch and Tina Luu, the number of armed conflicts reached a post–Cold War high in 2015. If we hope to retreat from this dubious achievement and establish sustainable peace in the world, Rausch and Luu believe we need to introduce greater inclusivity into the reconciliation processes we use, and thereby knit frayed social fabrics more tightly together.
  • 10 May 2017
    Clayton Hazvinei Vhumbunu
    African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD)
    All is not well in Mozambique, observes Clayton Hazvinei Vhumbunu. Last year, the conflict between the ruling Mozambique Liberation Front and Renamo grew worse, primarily because of the latter’s objections to economic marginalization, the breach of the 1992 Rome General Peace Accords, and more. To set things right, Vhumbunu believes it’s time for local stakeholders to establish an “inclusive national dialogue platform” that will help prevent the possible resurgence of civil war.
  • 10 May 2017
    Lisa Watanabe
    Center for Security Studies (CSS)
    Algeria is an important strategic partner for Europe. It’s also a country where a one-dimensional economy, limited profits and investments in the hydrocarbon sector, and a deliberately circumscribed transition to democracy are sorely testing its stability. And yet, the Bouteflika regime continues to display remarkable resilience in the face of the challenges it faces. In this CSS analysis, Lisa Watanabe explains why.
  • 9 May 2017
    Ester E.J. Strømmen
    Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO)
    According to Ester Strømmen, gendered perceptions of violence and extremism affect how women in Da’esh have been described, presented, and subsequently treated. Indeed, those that have escaped the group’s clutches have received shorter sentences or pardons in courts of law, and they have often been portrayed by the media as misunderstood victims rather than motivated agents. Well, these biases need to end, says Strømmen, both for the sake of judicial precedent and from a security standpoint.
  • 9 May 2017
    Mathieu Duchâtel, Jessica Drun, Vincent Wang, Yevgen Sautin, Antoine Bondaz, Hubert Kilian,
    European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR)
    The three articles in this ECFR analysis focus on 1) how China perceives its cross-strait relations with Taiwan, particularly within the context of the US’ currently unpredictable policies toward the region; 2) Taipei’s view of the same relations and political dynamics; and 3) President Tsai Ing-wen’s new Southbound Policy, as viewed from the mainland.
  • 8 May 2017
    Christina Lin
    Institut für Strategie- Politik- Sicherheits- und Wirtschaftsberatung (ISPSW)
    Sino-Israel relations have improved recently, but problems still remain. A case in point is Syria. Israel wants to replace the Assad regime while China wants it to remain in place. The collision of interests matters, argues Christina Lin, because 1) there are 1000s of Chinese Uyghurs who have joined al-Qaeda and ISIS affiliates in Syria, and 2) they’ve also intermingled with ‘moderate’ jihadists that are sponsored by the US and its allies. Not surprisingly, Beijing wants the Uyghurs eliminated. So much so that it could increase its military support to the Syrian Army and risk escalating and extending the current conflict.
  • 8 May 2017
    Robert Dalsjö
    Finnish Institute of International Affairs (FIIA)
    Sweden continues to hesitate about joining NATO, observes Robert Dalsjö, despite the “considerable security deficit” it now has vis-à-vis Russia. Indeed, the current center-left government is trying to square the circle by pursuing very close bilateral defense ties with the US, Finland and NATO, while also remaining formally unaligned. It’s an approach that has succeeded to an amazing degree thus far, but will it continue to work in the future?
  • 5 May 2017
    Paulina Izewicz
    Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)
    What’s the status of Iran’s ballistic missile program? In this article, Paulina Izewicz tackles the question by focusing on 1) the program’s history and scope; 2) the part it continues to play in Iran’s statecraft, national discourse and military doctrine; 3) the attempts by others to curtail and defend against Iranian missile systems; 4) the exclusion of missile development restrictions from the Iran nuclear deal; and 5) what the EU and other international actors might do to engage with Tehran in the future on its missile program.
  • 5 May 2017
    Sergey Sukhankin
    Foreign Policy Research Institute (FPRI)
    So what’s happened to Kaliningrad Oblast? With the fall of the USSR, it was initially supposed to become a bridge of cooperation, a Russian gateway to Europe, or even a Baltic Hong Kong. Well that didn’t happen, did it. Instead, the enclave deteriorated into a rusty military bastion that’s long been dependent on handouts from Moscow. And what about now? As Sergey Sukhankin sees it, the oblast has become nothing less than a “Russian embarrassment.” Here’s why.
  • 4 May 2017
    Jérôme Tubiana
    Small Arms Survey
    Since the 1980s, successive governments in Khartoum have relied on local militias to fight their wars in Sudan’s hinterlands. Conducting ‘counterinsurgency on the cheap’, however, has led to a twofold problem – 1) militia leaders are demanding more and more financial and political rewards for their services, and 2) their loyalty has become more unreliable. Given these problems, Jérôme Tubiana can’t help but conclude that maintaining a “paramilitary marketplace” in Sudan is not a passport to peace.
  • 4 May 2017
    Lucien Ellington and Tawni Hunt Ferrarini
    Foreign Policy Research Institute (FPRI)
    OK, so what’s the answer to the above question? After looking at North and South Korea’s socio-economic trajectories, both in the past and present, Lucien Ellington and Tawni Hunt Ferrarini conclude that the two countries’ unequal economic development is ultimately attributable to the presence or absence of stable institutions.
  • 3 May 2017
    Florence Gaub
    European Institute of the Mediterranean (IEMed)
    The once 300,000-strong Syrian military probably now stands at a maximum of 150,000-175,000 troops, with about 60,000 dead accounting for the drop in numbers. What’s almost absurd, says Florence Gaub, is that the very same institution that has brutalized so many people will inevitably serve as a critical security-provider in post-war Syria. The fundamental question, of course, is how Assad’s forces might be ‘reconstructed’ to play this follow-on role.
  • 2 May 2017
    Volker Stanzel
    Institut für Strategie- Politik- Sicherheits- und Wirtschaftsberatung (ISPSW)
    As Volker Stanzel sees it, the digitization of contemporary life is both a bane and a benefit to diplomats. On the debit side, three problems standout – 1) the wealth of information that’s now available, which can complicate the ability of decision-makers to contextualize a given problem; 2) the sheer rapidity of modern communications, which can deprive diplomats of the time they need to formulate well-considered judgments; and 3) social media, which is proving itself to be no friend of ‘strategical needs’.
  • 2 May 2017
    Gavin Lyall
    African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD)
    In 2003, an armistice agreement brought peace to most of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). But the eastern provinces, and particularly North Kivu, remained restive. Why? In this article, Gavin Lyall points to the illegal exploitation of mineral resources in the region. Indeed, minerals so closely linked to violence that they have been dubbed “the engines of chaos.”
  • 1 May 2017
    Andrea Gilli and Mauro Gilli
    European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS)
    It’s simple, say Andrea and Mauro Gilli. When it comes to technology, procurement and weapons manufacturing, it’s time for European countries to move beyond their traditional approach to defense cooperation – i.e., joint arms procurement programs – and pursue new cooperative frameworks, at least where technological change has been more intense, rapid or disruptive. Here’s what needs to be done.
 
 
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Sat Jul 22 18:46:37 CEST 2017
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