Center for Security Studies (CSS)

Energy Infrastructure Attack Database (EIAD)


The Energy Infrastructure Attack Database (EIAD) is a compilation of data from 1980 through 2011 on reported (criminal and political) attacks/threats to energy infrastructures by non-state actors. Energy infrastructures (EI) are defined as “all human (energy sector personnel), physical (energy sector physical assets) and information (energy sector cyber systems supporting operations) infrastructures in the following core energy sectors: Biomass, Coal, Geothermal, Hydropower, Natural Gas, Nuclear, Petroleum, Solar, and Wind.”


The EIAD is a fully searchable database containing over 8,000 coded incidents, spanning the globe. Info sources include open-source info (media reports, databases, etc.) and some private data provided by governments and companies in support of the project. All of the data is contained in an Excel datasheet, with the intention of providing quality and comprehensive data to users.



The EIAD was developed at CSS through the targeting energy infrastructure project. During the project, many public and private partners contributed to its development and the data analysis. The Technology Assessment (TA) Group of the Laboratory for Energy Systems (LEA) at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) assisted with the coding methodology and performed quantitative analysis of the entire dataset as well as assisted with reviewing incidents. Philipp Hunziker, with the ETH International Conflict Research, provided feedback on EIAD and also carried out some analysis and visualization of the data. The University of Maryland START has been the primary source of data on terrorist related incidents aimed at energy infrastructures (documented in the Global Terrorism Database) and was also involved in the initial stages of the project development. In addition, in 2012, the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) in Washington DC supported further analysis of the data and supported 3 case studies that were carried out in Nigeria, Liberia, and Colombia.

Accessing EIAD


EIAD is free and publicly accessible for research and analysis.

When using and citing EIAD please cite as: Center for Security Studies (CSS), ETH Zurich (2012). Energy Infrastructure Attack Database (EIAD) [Data file]. Retrieved from


Project Publications



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