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Jun 2017

  • 26 Jun 2017
    Jack Thompson
    Center for Security Studies (CSS)
    According to Jack Thompson, “American Affairs” is a nascent Trump-era journal that provides a compelling critique of the Republican Party’s foreign policies. The periodical argues, for example, that 1) conservative internationalism is indeed losing its appeal among Republicans who are increasingly wary of the liberal world order, and 2) a conservative nationalist approach represents the likely future of Republican foreign policy thinking. Ah, but will the latter approach harm or advance US interests?
  • 26 Jun 2017
    Gustav Gressel and Fredrik Wesslau
    European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR)
    Europe has managed to remain united against Russia since the latter invaded Ukraine in 2014. However, Gustav Gressel and Fredrik Wesslau worry that this resolve could unravel if 1) the EU decides to enforce the Russian interpretation of the Minsk agreements on Ukraine; 2) Brussels succumbs to ‘Ukraine fatigue’ and accepts the status quo; 3) the US disengages from Ukraiine and ends its sanctions on Russia; and 4) a Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin reach a “grand bargain” that shatters EU unity and allows Russia to bring Ukraine back into its sphere of influence. Here are the details
  • 23 Jun 2017
    Matthew Taylor
    Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)
    What can other countries learn from the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG)? According to Matthew Taylor, the biggest lesson is that such prosecutorial instruments are effective, particularly in environments marked by weak institutions and high levels of corruption. In Guatemala’s case, Supreme Court justices have been removed from office, drug lords jailed, and extortion rings dismantled. The tricky bit, however, remains establishing the rule of law in widespread and lasting ways.
  • 23 Jun 2017
    John Forrer
    Atlantic Council
    Why do economic sanctions remain a popular foreign policy tool even though analysts question their ability to create ‘sustained impacts’? According to Jack Forrer, such restrictions are scalable and easily explained; you can design and implement them quickly; and they often yield immediate and tangible results. But what’s really valuable about sanctions, Forrer concludes, is their potential dynamism and versatility, which are well suited for the fluidity of a globalized world.
  • 22 Jun 2017
    Nayef Al-Rodhan
    Global Policy Journal
    The post-truth phenomenon is a threat to liberal democracy and its institutions, argues Nayef Al-Rodhan. It’s also a deadly enemy of a fundamental element of diplomacy and international politics – i.e., communication. So, what antidotes are available to blunt this scourge? Al-Rodham’s responses include next-step fact-checking technologies, securitizing fake news, and linking scientific expertise and policy-making more tightly together.
  • 22 Jun 2017
    Kendra Dupuy, Scott Gates, Håvard M Nygård, Ida Rudolfsen, Siri Aas Rustad, Håvard Strand and Henrik Urdal
    Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO)
    As its title suggests, this brief highlights the number of conflicts and battlefield deaths that have occurred in the world since 1946. The text´s authors note, for example, that 1) the number of armed struggles in the world declined slightly from 52 in 2015 to 49 in 2016; 2) 14 percent fewer people died in 2016 as a direct result of violent conflicts than in 2015, and 22% fewer than in 2014; and 3) the internationalization of organized violence continues apace, which consequently makes such clashes longer lasting and more difficult to solve.
  • 21 Jun 2017
    Froylán Enciso
    International Crisis Group (ICG)
    The ‘war on drugs’ has morphed into a new rash of killings in Mexico. Worse yet, argues Froylán Enciso, the deadly violence of increasingly well-organized, business-minded criminal groups risks being aggravated by government inaction, corruption and bombastic U.S. rhetoric. Uh, wait a minute. Aren’t these the factors that led to the ‘war’ in the first place?
  • 21 Jun 2017
    Amin Tarzi
    Foreign Policy Research Institute (FPRI)
    What impact is the Islamic State–Khorasan Province (ISKP) having on the internationalization of the conflict in Afghanistan? Second, how is it impacting the calculations of Iran and Russia vis-à-vis the Taliban? And finally, will it trigger a proxy war much like the bad old days of the mid-1990s? In this article, Amin Tarzi grapples with these questions and more.
  • 20 Jun 2017
    Jelena Beslin and Marija Ignjatijevic
    European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS)
    There’s a double standard that exists in the Western Balkans and Jelena Beslin and Marija Ignjatijevic aren’t happy about it. Governments in the region generally equate violent extremism with Islamist radicalization and local youths who join the fight in Syria and Iraq. At the same time, other forms of extremism, such as right-wing nationalism, are regarded as a secondary concern, if they are acknowledged at all. This imbalance must end, conclude our authors, before it spurs additional extremism.
  • 20 Jun 2017
    Yasser El-Shimy and Anthony Dworkin
    European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR)
    Europe´s current policy towards Egypt is dominated by immediate migration concerns and commercial opportunities. That’s not wise, say Yasser El-Shimy and Anthony Dworkin. It’s a short-sighted approach that offers few benefits and overlooks the dangers of Egypt’s current trajectory. Instead, the EU should prioritize the country’s socio-economic development, refocus its counterterrorism debate, and limit the worst excesses of Cairo’s ongoing political crackdown.
  • 19 Jun 2017
    Jonas Baumann and Govinda Clayton
    Center for Security Studies (CSS)
    According to Jonas Baumann and Govinda Clayton, mediation and other forms of third party conflict prevention, management or resolution appear to be changing. To trace these adjustments, our authors describe 1) who typically ‘referees’ violent disputes; 2) current mediation styles and approaches; 3) what the analytical literature says about the effectiveness of mediation; and 4) the future of this peace-promoting tool. In the last case, Baumann and Clayton elaborate on why the mediation field needs to be further professionalized.
  • 19 Jun 2017
    Fabien Merz
    Center for Security Studies (CSS)
    With the military setbacks ISIS is now experiencing, the number of jihadist foreign fighters returning to Europe will rise. Like its neighbors, Switzerland must prepare to deal with these individuals. According to Fabien Merz, there is much the Swiss can learn from the experiences of Denmark and France, including 1) there is no panacea for dealing with foreign fighters, and 2) pursuing a ‘balanced’, anti-repression approach is the most sensible way to address this problem.
  • 16 Jun 2017
    Robin Simcox
    War on the Rocks
    Robin Simcox isn’t too keen on the US’ Countering Violent Extremism (PVE) program, which seeks to address the entire life cycle of the phenomenon. Given that such an agenda is too ambitious and expansive, and not discerning enough in the partners it chooses, Simcox believes it’s time for reform. Here are his ten recommendations, which include jettisoning PVE as the program’s title.
  • 16 Jun 2017
    André Standing
    Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS)
    The illegal exploitation of African fisheries by foreign fleets is undermining the continent’s human security, as is the corruption of officials who are responsible for overseeing fisheries sectors. Given these problems, André Standing believes 1) African countries must upgrade their capacity to monitor and prosecute illegal fishing in their waters, and 2) trawling nations must regulate their fleets more closely, while also supporting fair trade practices.
  • 15 Jun 2017
    Colin H Kahl, Ilan Goldenberg and Nicholas A Heras
    Center for a New American Security (CNAS)
    A framework to de-escalate and settle the Syrian conflict has eluded stakeholders for years, but the authors of this text believe the time could be ripe to move toward a workable and sustainable solution. Given that Syria has fragmented into several distinct “zones of control,” the next steps should be to 1) defer the question of Assad’s fate; 2) avoid the breakup of the Syrian state; and 3) scale back the current conflict through a governing system where power is largely devolved outside of Damascus.
 
 
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Mon Jun 26 10:31:27 CEST 2017
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