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Apr 2017

  • 26 Apr 2017
    Carola García-Calvo
    Elcano Royal Institute of International and Strategic Studies
  • 25 Apr 2017
    Magnus Nordenman
    Atlantic Council
    Could a newly rejuvenated German Navy alleviate NATO’s maritime challenges in the Baltic Sea and the North Atlantic? Magnus Nordenman believes so, particularly if Berlin focuses on honing its anti-submarine, mine warfare, and sea-based air defense capabilities. Such improvements will help blunt Russia’s current and projected military gambits, and help reestablish maritime security in northern Europe.
  • 25 Apr 2017
    the International Crisis Group (ICG)
    It’s pretty simple, says the ICG – Yemenis are starving because of war and no amount of humanitarian aid can solve the underlying problem, which includes the weaponization of the economy and the continued indifference of the international community. To prevent the 17 million people who are now “food insecure” from tipping into outright starvation, Saudi Arabia and its partners should – at a minimum – halt what promises to be a bloody battle for Yemen’s most important port, Hodeida.
  • 24 Apr 2017
    Irene Pavesi
    Small Arms Survey
    In order to support UN Sustainable Goal 16, governments have pledged to track the number of people who are killed in armed conflict and to disaggregate the data by sex, age, and cause. Too bad there’s no international consensus on definitions, methods, or standards to be used in generating the data, and that the monitoring systems run by IOs and civil organizations differ in their thematic coverage, geographical focus and level of disaggregation. Here’s what Irene Pavesi thinks should be done about these problems.
  • 24 Apr 2017
    Shivshankar Menon
    Institute of South Asian Studies (ISAS)
    According to Shivshankar Menon, the maritime order in the Indian Ocean is calm but fragile, primarily because the region lacks an overarching security architecture and faces a diverse range of traditional and non-traditional security threats. So what’s needed? Well, how about maritime cooperation agreements; naval risk reduction measures; code of conduct negotiations; and the application of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)?
  • 21 Apr 2017
    Clionadh Raleigh
    Climate Change and African Political Stability (CCAPS) Program
    According to this brief but data-intensive analysis, in 2017 the global food crisis will directly affect 70 million people cross 45 countries. In the case of Africa, the relationship between natural and man-made famine and the spread violence is unambiguous. Since the food crisis began, for example, there has been an approximate 75% increase in recorded violence in “emergency” areas and a threefold increase in “famine” areas. And so the story goes.
  • 21 Apr 2017
    Godfrey Musila
    Africa Center for Strategic Studies (ACSS)
    In this article, Godfrey Musali confirms that despite Africa’s continued troubles, important norms, practices and institutions have emerged since the Rwandan genocide that will ideally prevent a similar mass bloodletting in the future. Consider, for example, the African Union’s pioneering Constitutive Act of 2000, which formalized the principle of humanitarian intervention.
  • 20 Apr 2017
    Florence Gaub and Julia Lisiecka
    European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS)
    In the case of the so-called Islamic State (IS), Florence Gaub and Julia Lisiecka think the crime-terrorism nexus runs deep. Indeed, the organization recruits more former criminals, and funds itself more through petty – not organized – criminal activities than other groups. This tendency, however, also offers law enforcement officials an opportunity to pursue IS in a way that goes beyond the usual radicalization narrative. It does require zeroing in on hitherto neglected petty criminals, though.
  • 20 Apr 2017
    Muhammad Haniff Hassan
    S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS)
    The so-called Islamic State (IS) has attracted wide condemnation from Muslim scholars for its misrepresentations and misinterpretations of Islamic principles. In this article, Muhammad Haniff Hassan contrasts IS’ takfiri (excommunication) doctrine with mainstream Sunni positions on the subject, and thereby exposes the murderous group’s religious deceptions and deviations yet again.
  • 19 Apr 2017
    Michael Knights and Alexander Mello
    Combating Terrorism Center (CTC)
    In this article, Michael Knights and Alexander Mello examine the so-called Islamic State’s ongoing defense of Mosul. Despite the group’s use of innovative tactics such as pairing car bombs with drones, it has been outfought by coalition-backed Iraqi forces, which liberated eastern Mosul in January. With Islamic State fighters now engaged in a final fight on the western side of the Tigris, our authors describe how the group continues to prioritize mobile defensive tactics to seize the initiative and mount counterattacks.
  • 19 Apr 2017
    Izabela Pereira Watts
    E-International Relations (E-IR)
    Yes, says Izabela Pereira Watts, humanitarian aid is a political act, even though most of its practitioners continue to claim otherwise. The present problem is that over sixty million people have been adversely affected by humanitarian crises across the globe, and that has led to a moral-political dilemma for overwhelmed aid providers. By constantly having to triage – i.e., decide where to intervene, who to help and why – they confirm that politically-tainted humanitarian aid methods need urgent reforms.
  • 18 Apr 2017
    Harry Krejsa and Hannah Suh
    Center for a New American Security (CNAS)
    Since the US and Taiwan are critical geostrategic preoccupations of China, it shouldn’t surprise anyone that Beijing has also treated them as prime cyber-attack and espionage targets. So how should Washington and Taipei respond? Harry Krejsa and Hannah Suh believe that it’s time for the US and Taiwanese governments to stop thinking about cyber security as an issue they can manage with ad hoc policy tweaks. In reality, it’s a domain of conflict that requires continuous attention and strategic analysis.
  • 18 Apr 2017
    Lidia Averbukh
    Stiftung Wissenschaft und Politik (SWP)
    In recent years, the internal conflict in Israel has not only been between Israelis and Israeli Arabs, but also between Mizrahim and Ashkenazim (i.e., “oriental” Jews and Jews of European origin). Where the latter were once ascendant, observes Lidia Averbukh, it’s the Mizrahim who now exercise political and cultural leadership of the country. So much so, in fact, that they are creating doubts about Israel’s “Western” identity. How this trend will affect the country’s foreign policy, however, remains an open question, at least for now.
  • 17 Apr 2017
    Céline Barmet and Oliver Thränert
    Center for Security Studies (CSS)
    When it comes to international disarmament efforts, the Chemical Weapons Convention is an important achievement. Nevertheless, Céline Barmet and Oliver Thränert have at least two nagging concerns about it – 1) the growing tensions between the states parties to the treaty, and 2) new scientific developments, which may make chemical weapons more relevant in the future.
  • 17 Apr 2017
    Daniel Keohane
    Center for Security Studies (CSS)
    France has been the most militarily active European member of NATO in recent years, both inside and outside its borders. As Daniel Keohane sees it, this taxing tempo won’t make it easy for the next French president, who will certainly have to make difficult geostrategic, political and defense-related policy choices. Their difficulty will be attributable, at least in part, to France’s desire to remain a “European power with global reach.”
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Tue Apr 25 17:13:58 CEST 2017
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